Esbjerg developed quickly with the population rising to 13,000 by 1901 and 70,000 by 1970.
In addition to its fishing and shipping activities, it also became an important centre for agricultural exports.
It is home to the Danish football club Esbjerg f B, who play their home matches at Blue Water Arena, and also has an ice hockey division called Esbjerg Elite Ishockey, which plays at the Granly Hockey Arena.
Esbjerg is served by Esbjerg Airport with flights to Aberdeen, Scotland and Stavanger, Norway.
The town has several notable museums and entertainment venues, including Esbjerg Art Museum, Esbjerg Museum and the privately owned Fisheries and Maritime Museum.
The Esbjerg Performing Arts Centre was completed in 1997 to designs by Jan and Jørn Utzon.
When approached by sea, the Man Meets the Sea is one of the prominent monuments, consisting of four 9-metre-tall (27 feet) white-coloured men, overlooking Sædding Beach.